understanding the terms
The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person under the age of 18 for the purpose of a commercial sex act. Child Sex Trafficking is a form of Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC). It is also known as Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking (DMST).
Grooming describes a method offenders use to build trust with a child and the adults around that child in an effort to gain access to and time alone with her/him. In extreme cases, offenders may use threats and physical force to sexually assault or abuse a child. More common, though, are subtle approaches designed to build relationships with families. The offender may assume a caring role, befriend the child, or even exploit their position of trust and authority to groom the child and/or the child’s family. These individuals intentionally build relationships with the adults around a child or seek out a child who may have fewer adults in her/his life. This increases the likelihood that the offender’s time with the child is welcomed and encouraged.
The purpose of grooming is:
- To reduce the likelihood of a disclosure.
- To reduce the likelihood of the child being believed.
- To reduce the likelihood of being detected.
- To manipulate the perceptions of other adults around the child.
- To manipulate the child into becoming a cooperating participant which reduces the likelihood of a disclosure and increases the likelihood that the child will repeatedly return to the offender.
Source: The Canadian Centre for Child Protection, Kids in the Know Education Program, “Child Sexual Abuse–It is Your Business.”(October 23, 2012)
A person who exploits another person sexually for financial gain. A more accurate term for “pimp”.
A strong emotional attachment between an abused person and their abuser, formed as a result of the cycle of violence.
When the victim of a crime or any wrongful act is held entirely or partially responsible for the harm they experienced.
Sextortion is a criminal act that happens—usually online—when an offender uses coercion to obtain photographs and/or videos that are sexual in nature.
KNOWing THE SIGNS
The following table lists several potential indicators of trafficking. It is important to note that no one indicator or combination of indicators necessarily signals trafficking is occurring. Rather, these indicators may serve as warning signs, especially if the indicator represents a significant change in the child.*
|Academically Unengaged||Avoids Eye Contact||Visible Bruises/Scars||Low Self-Esteem||Has a Much Older Partner|
|Performs Under Grade Level||Gaps in Memory||Appears Malnourished||Exhibits Depression, Anxiety, or Fear||Lives in an Unstable or Abusive Home|
|Sudden Change in Academic Performance||Resists Being Touched||Shows Signs of Drug or Alcohol Addiction||Exhibits Sudden Outbursts of Anger||Has a Sexual Online Profile|
|Academically Unengaged||Avoids Eye Contact||Visible Bruises/Scars|
|Performs Under Grade Level||Gaps in Memory||Appears Malnourished|
|Sudden Change in Academic Performance||Resists Being Touched||Shows Signs of Drug or Alcohol Addiction|
|Low Self-Esteem||Has a Much Older Partner|
|Exhibits Depression, Anxiety, or Fear||Lives in an Unstable or Abusive Home|
|Exhibits Sudden Outbursts of Anger||Has a Sexual Online Profile|
Texas Human Trafficking Prevention Task Force (2014) Introduction to Human Trafficking: A Guide for Texas Education Professionals. Retrieved from www.texasattorneygeneral.gov.
Sextortion is a growing criminal act that happens—usually online—when an offender uses coercion to obtain photographs and/or videos that are sexual in nature. Offenders often tells lies and this handout counteracts common manipulative statements with the #TRUTH. Feel free to download and use this handout.
This pdf outlines reporting protocols for mandatory reporters. Feel free to download and use!
Created by The Department of Education. Design by Nest.
Infographic: What is sex trafficking?
Shared Hope International, 2016
When Sex Trafficking Goes Unnoticed in America
The Atlantic, 23 Feb. 2016
There's no such thing as a child prostitute
Washington Post, 17 Feb. 2014
Invisible Men: Male Victims of Sex Trafficking
Toy Soldiers Blog, 25 Oct. 201
Stockholm Syndrome in the Victim-Pimp Relationships
NY Times, 03 May 2012
11 Facts About Sexting
25 Everyday Examples of Rape Culture
Everyday Feminism, 10 Mar. 2014
Man Up by Deandre Levy, Linebacker - Detroit Lions
The Players’ Tribune, 27 April 2016
Students speak out against sex trafficking
KGW, 27 May 2015
NEST CURRICULUM MATERIALS & RESOURCES
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